The Royal Science & Technology Park (RSTP) was established through the vision of His Majesty King Mswati III. The Park came to fruition via an Act of Parliament of 2012. The vision is the first comprehensive effort to promote science, technology, and innovation, in the Kingdom of Eswatini. The aim of the RSTP is to provide steadfast support for basic research and innovation. In doing so, we provide a coherent approach to maximising the innovation dividend. The idea, to develop a science and technology park started in 2007, with the creation of an initial concept. In 2008, a team of experts conducted a study to decide the feasibility of establishing such a park. They completed the study in 2009, and found that the idea was feasible and that it would be a gain in stimulating the economy of Eswatini. A master plan was developed in 2010. Then RSTP was founded through the Royal Science & Technology Act of 2012. It was then designated as a Special Economic Zone through the Special Economic Zone Act of 2018.